Protecting your water from lead



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The first of its kind, the ePIPE® LeadSmart® Program is a comprehensive solution for identifying, testing and resolving lead leaching into drinking water.

The LeadSmart approach focuses on the 4L’s: Learning about Lead, Lead Identification &Testing, Legislation and Landlord & Seller Liability.


Learning about Lead

Harmful lead contamination in water has become a global concern. Lead pipes and non-lead pipes with lead contributors can leach dangerous amounts of lead into your water. Lead contributors, such as lead based solder or brass fittings alone can cause high levels of lead to leach into your water.


Growing health and medical findings regarding lead poisoning and lead in drinking water have caused worldwide governments to tighten their standards for the allowable level of lead in drinking water.


Lead is a cumulative poison.  Many public health organizations, doctors, and governments around the world have done extensive research on the dangerous effects of lead in drinking water and have concluded that exposure to elevated levels of lead can be detrimental to human health.


 Infants and children exposed to lead may experience delays in physical and mental development, deficits in attention span, learning disabilities, lower IQ, slowed growth, hearing problems, anemia, and in rare cases death.


In adults, lead exposure can cause kidney problems, cardiovascular effects, high blood pressure, and reproductive problems (in both men and women)


Pregnant Women exposed to lead can result in serious effects to the mother and her developing fetus, including: reduced growth of the fetus, and premature birth.


It is estimated that some 38 million properties in the US are affected by lead leaching in water piping systems.


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Lead Identification & Testing

If your property was built before the 1990’s it is highly likely that your property may have elevated levels of lead in its drinking water. Knowing the year that your property was constructed is a good place to start to help identify potential health threats.


Lead Contributors

Homes built before 1995 are at risk for elevated levels of lead leaching from lead contributors like leaded solder used to join copper pipes and the use of brass valves and faucets.


Identifying lead solder

  • Lead solder was used extensively in the assembly of copper piping systems until about 1995 when plumbing inventories ran out due to the 1986 ban on lead solder in drinking water systems.
  • Lead solder can leach excessive and dangerous levels of lead into the drinking water system.
  • Lead solder will appear dull gray and when scratched will look shiny.


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Lead Pipes

If you property was built before 1950 it could be receiving water through a lead service line. Water supply lines can be difficult to locate or buried deep beneath the ground of your property.  It is advised that you call a LeadSmart certified installer to come test your properties pipes.


Identifying lead pipes

  • If you can see your properties water supply pipe and it’s a dull gray in color and scratches easily with a key or a coin, it’s likely made of lead.  If it’s gray and hard to scratch, it probably indicates a galvanized steel pipe.  If the pipe is the color of a penny, then it is likely a copper pipe. 
  • If you think the pipe is made of lead, you can also try sticking a magnet on the pipe - magnets will not stick to lead pipe.  Clean an area of the pipe and try to attach a magnet.  If the magnet doesn’t stick that can be an indicator that you have lead pipes.
  • If you are still unsure what types of pipes your property has or concerned about elevated levels of lead in your water call a helpful LeadSmart certified technician today.


Testing for Lead in your Water

If you discover lead pipes or lead contributors in your piping system, contact a LeadSmart Certified Installer who can test your water for lead.


Test Results

If your property tests positive for harmful lead levels in your water, your LeadSmart installer will recommend corrective options to make your property LeadSmart certified.



The current US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) action level for lead is 15ppb, which is fifty percent higher than The World Health Organization (WHO) recommended cutoff level of 10ppb.  Recently several individual states, are proactively supporting the notion to bring the US action level down to a safer level of 10ppb.  In the US, ePIPE is providing input to research facilities and engineers working in conjunction with proposed changes to the EPA’s Lead and Copper Rule.


Testing for lead at schools is mandatory in the state of New York, and there is currently pending legislation in many other states to mandate testing at schools.  In 2016, LeadSmart Certified Installers completed works on over 40 school buildings in the US that were leaching lead and copper into water, those 40 schools now pass World Health Organization’s (WHO) & EPA’s lead & copper rule compliance.


Landlord & Seller Liability

Until now, widespread requirements for disclosing lead in a piping system, testing and disclosure of the water quality for the property you are managing, selling or renting has not been required. States and regions are beginning to push for legislation that would require mandatory water testing and disclosure of lead and copper testing results prior to the sale or rental of a building.


The LeadSmart program is making it easier than ever before for Landlords and sellers to comply with the disclosure of lead in a properties tap water prior to the sale or rental of any dwelling.





Think there is lead in your water?

Get your property LeadSmart Certified.  Contact your local LeadSmart Certified Installer to learn more about identification, testing and how ePIPE can bring you property into WHO and EPA compliance for lead in water, today.  Click here for a list of ePIPE installers.


What is a LeadSmart certified property?

LeadSmart certified properties pass both the World Health’s Organization’s (WHO) and the Envioronmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) compliance for lead levels.  LeadSmart properties receive a window badge with a unique LS#, are added to a searchable global database making it easier for property buyers, renters, leasers, and the real estate industry to identify safer EPA compliant properties.  A seller can also list their property online as a LeadSmart verified property with a verified web badge or its LS#.


How can I check if a property is LeadSmart certified?

Locate the LS# on a property’s window badge or its online listing and call us for immediate verification.


Are you a landlord, HOA manager, or seller?

Learn more about current/possible future regulations regarding landlord and seller liability in regards to lead disclosure, and what you can do to protect your tenants and/or future buyers by calling our World Headquarters at 888-775-0220.


Do you want to be a part of the solution?

Become a LeadSmart Certified Technician.  Training and certification programs are available.  Click here or contact us at 888-775-0220.


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ePIPE is committed to leading the way to Lead-Free, Leak-Free Pipes